How to count in Spanish – the Ultimate Guide

How to count in Spanish - The Ultimate Guide

Introduction

Yes - this is one the the absolute basics.

.... being able to count in a foreign language is so important.

And if you are a student of Spanish or just need a quick and easy reference to count in Spanish you are definitely in the right place.

Why is it important to know how to count in Spanish?

The list is potentially endless, but here are just a few reasons:

  • For buying things
  • For telling the time.
  • For normal every day interactions. 
  • For exams (yes those wretched things) 
  • For measuring things 
  • For doing maths in Spanish! 

Contents of the article

This is an in-depth article is on how to count in Spanish.

In order to help you find your way around the article quickly, use the menu below.

Purpose of the article

The idea of this article is for you to be able to:

Quizlet
  • see the numbers written down



  • hear the numbers so that you can practice pronouncing them



  • use online materials on this page to test yourself

Spanish numbers 1 to 10

How to count in Spanish 1-10

English number

Spanish number

one 1

uno / una

two 2

dos

three

tres

four

cuatro

five

cinco

six

seis

seven

siete

eight

ocho

nine

nueve

ten

diez

Test yourself on Spanish numbers 1 -10 (quizlets)

Test yourself on Spanish numbers 1 -10

How to count in Spanish 11 to 30

English number

Spanish number

eleven

once

twelve

doce

thirteen

trece

fourteen

catorce

fifteen

quince

sixteen

dieciséis

seventeen

diecisiete

eighteen

dieciocho

nineteen

diecinueve

twenty

veinte

twenty one

veintiuno / veintiuna

twenty two

veintidós

twenty three

veintitrés

twenty four

veinticuatro

twenty five

veinticinco

twenty six

veintiséis

twenty seven

veintisiete

twenty eight

veintiocho

twenty nine

veintinueve

thirty

treinta

Test yourself on Spanish numbers 11 -30 (quizlets) 


How to count up from 0 to 100 in Spanish going up in 10's

Spanish numbers going up in tens from 0 to 100

English number

Spanish number

zero

cero

ten

diez

twenty

veinte

thirty

treinta

How to count in Spanish - treinta

forty

cuarenta

fifty

cincuenta

How to count in Spanish - cincuenta

sesenta

sixty

How to count in Spanish -  sesenta (60)

seventy

setenta

eighty

ochenta

How to count in Spanish -  ochenta (80)

ninety

noventa

one hundred

cien / ciento

Test yourself on Spanish numbers going up in tens from 0 to 100 (quizlet)

Spanish numbers going up from 1 to 100 - the complete list

How to count in Spanish from 0 to 100 - the complete list

English number

Spanish number

one

uno / una

two

dos

three

tres

four

cuatro

five

cinco

six

seis

seven

siete

eight

ocho

nine

nueve

ten

diez

eleven

once

twelve

doce

thirteen

trece

fourteen

catorce

fifteen

quince

sixteen

dieciséis

seventeen

diecisiete

eighteen

dieciocho

nineteen

diecinueve

twenty

veinte

twenty one

veintiuno / veintiuna

twenty two

veintidós

twenty three

veintitrés

twenty four

veinticuatro

twenty five

veinticinco

twenty six

veintiséis

twenty seven

veintisiete

twenty eight

veintiocho

twenty nine

veintinueve

thirty

treinta

thirty one

treinta y uno / una / un

thirty two

treinta y dos

thirty three

treinta y tres

thirty four

treinta y cuatro

thirty five

treinta y cinco

thirty six

treinta y seis

thirty seven

treinta y siete

thirty eight

treinta y ocho

thirty nine

treinta y nueve

forty

treinta y cuarenta

forty one

cuarenta y uno / una

forty two

cuarenta y dos

forty three

cuarenta y tres

forty four

cuarenta y cuatro

forty five

cuarenta y cinco

forty six

cuarenta y seis

forty seven

cuarenta y siete

forty eight

cuarenta y ocho

forty nine

cuarenta y nueve

fifty

cincuenta 

fifty one

cincuenta y uno / una

fifty two

cincuenta  y dos

fifty three

cincuenta y tres

fifty four

cincuenta  y cuatro

fifty five

cincuenta  y cinco

fifty six

cincuenta  y seis

fifty seven

cincuenta  siete

fifty eight

cincuenta  y ocho

fifty nine

cincuenta y nueve

sixty

sesenta 

sixty one

sesenta y uno / una

sixty two

sesenta y dos

sixty three

sesenta y tres

sixty four

sesenta y cuatro

sixty five

sesenta y cinco

sixty six

sesenta y seis

sixty seven

sesenta y siete

sixty eight

sesenta y ocho

sixty nine

sesenta y nueve

seventy

setenta

seventy one

setenta y uno / una

seventy  two

setenta y dos

seventy  three

setenta y tres

seventy  four

setenta y cuatro

seventy five

setenta y cinco

seventy  six

setenta y seis

seventy seven

setenta y siete

seventy eight

setenta y ocho

seventy nine

setenta y nueve

eighty

ochenta

eighty one

setenta y uno / una

eighty two

setenta y dos

eighty three

setenta y tres

eighty four

setenta y cuatro

eighty five

setenta y cinco

eighty six

setenta y seis

eighty seven

setenta y siete

eighty eight

setenta y ocho

eighty nine

setenta y nueve

ninety

noventa

ninety one

noventa y uno / una

ninety two

noventa y dos

ninety three

noventa y tres

ninety four

noventa y cuatro

ninety five

noventa y cinco

ninety six

noventa y seis

ninety seven

noventa y siete

ninety eight

noventa y ocho

ninety nine

noventa y nueve

one hundred

cien / ciento

How to count in Spanish 100 to 1,000 going up in 100's

Spanish numbers going up from 100 to 1000 - going up in 100's

one hundred

cien / ciento

two hundred

doscientos / doscientas

three hundred

trescientos / trescientas

four hundred

cuatrocientos / cuatrocientas

five hundred

quinientos / quinientas

six hundred

seiscientos / seiscientas

seven hundred

setecientos / setecientas

eight hundred

ochocientos / ochocientas

nine hundred

novecientos / novecientas

one thousand

mil

Test yourself on Spanish numbers going up from 100 to 1,000 - going up in 100's - Quizlet

Millions and billions in Spanish

a thousand

mil

2019

dos mil diecinueve

ten thousand

diez mil

five hundred thousand

quinientos mil

a million

un millón

a billion (1,000,000,000)

mil millones

ten billion 1,000,000,000,000)

un billón

Spanish numbers that cause difficulty for English speakers

How to count in Spanish - the "tricky numbers"

Spanish is phonetic - by which I mean what you see is what you get.

And, once you know that a "j" is quite an ugly sound like clearing your throat and a couple other things, you are basically "good to go".

But, hang on - not quite so fast!

In my experience of teaching Spanish over the years there are a selection of numbers that do seem to trip English speakers up.

Here there are - not in any random order, but, naturally enough in numerical order!

uno / una

So, when do you use "uno" and when do you use "una".

My trusty Spanish grammar says:

Spanish cardinal numbers (the numbers used for counting) do not change their form, except for uno (one) ...... which agrees in gender with the thing being counted. (A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish. Butt and Benjamin)

seis and siete (6 and 7)

This charming sibilant duo can cause difficulties.

Whilst for the attentive and the not hard of hearing, the difference is quite clear, 6 and 7 in Spanish can cause the occasional hitch.

once (11)

Not, of course, to be confused with the English word "once" as in "once upon a time.

I have said - of course, but this confusion has happened on a number of occasions during my teaching career.

sesenta and setenta (60 and 70)

As with their sibilant single digit twins, 60 and 70 can also cause the odd difficulty.

And, because the numbers are larger, it is important to be more vigilant if yiu are finding it difficult to differentiate between the two.

The odd "puede repetir, por favor" might well be useful if in doubt.

sesenta y seis and setenta y siete (66 and 67)

These duo is included for the sake of completeness. Previous comments for 6,7,60 and 70 apply.

quinientos (500)

500 in Spanish could be considered to be a little mischievous. It is not, as could be logically expected, cincocientos  but quinientos.

Well, that's language learning life!

setecientos (700)

Setecientos is not quite as mischievous as quinientos. However, the radical change from siete (the -ie-) does not carry through into setecientos.

novecientos (900)

Novecientos, like its buddy setecientos, is not quite as mischievous as quinientos. However, the radical change from nueve (the -ue-) does not carry through into novecientos.

How to remember Spanish numbers

Constant practice. Yes - good old constant practice!

Click here for quizlets to help you.

Here are some ideas to give you further help. Knowing the origin of words and seeing the links between Spanish and English can help.

12

Doce 


Doce is linked into the English word dozen.

100

Cien 


Cien is linked to English words century (there are 100 years in a century), centimetre (there are 110 centimetres in a metre) , centipede (an animal which has a 100 feet - I wonder if anyone has ever counted!) etc.

1000

Mil


Mil is linked into the English words millenium (every thousand years), or millimetre (there are a thousand millimetres in each metre) and a millipede (see comments above on a centipede!)

centipede

Who is counting?

Gender of numbers in Spanish

Numbers in Spanish are all masculine (unlike letters which are feminine)

“puse un dos y no un siete”


(I put a two and not a seven)

Common errors with numbers in Spanish - make ciento agree!

When is it "Cien" and when is it "Cientos / cientas"?

Cientos agrees in gender with the noun that is being counted.

For example:

“quinientos euros = 500 Euros”


“setecientas páginas = 700 pages”


Prior to the Euro, the Spanish currency was the Peseta

Below is a 100 Peseta note. The "cien" does not agree.

Below is a 500 Peseta note. The quinientas does agree in this case.

500 pesetas

“Bring back the Peseta. In the old days ... my students were able to make the hundreds in Spanish agree! They knew quinientas Pesetas and the rest. Not any more! ”


Apocryphal Spanish Teacher

Ordinal numbers in Spanish

An ordinal number is a number that puts something in order.

Here are the ordinal numbers in Spanish and English for first to tenth.

English ordinal numbers

Spanish ordinal numbers

first

primer(o)

second

segundo 

third

tercer(o)

fourth

cuarto

fifth

quinto

sixth

sixto

seventh

séptimo, sétimo

eighth

octavo

ninth

noveno

tenth

décimo

Here are some examples of the use of ordinal numbers in Spanish.

Carlos Quinto = Charles V
Carlos Quinto

Carlos ​​​​​Quinto = Charles V


Enrique Octavo = Henry VIII
Enrique Octavo

Enrique Octavo = Henry VIII

11th to 20th in Spanish

Eleventh to twentieth in Spanish

eleventh

unidécimo

twelfth

duodécimo

thirteenth

decimotercero

fourteenth

decimocuarto

fifteenth

decimoquinto

sixteenth

decimosixto

seventeenth

decimoséptimo

eighteen

decimoctavo

ninteenth

decimonoveno

twentieth

vigésimo

20th to 100th in Spanish

Twentieth to hundredth in Spanish

twentieth

vigésimo

thirtieth

trigésimo

fortieth

cuadragésimo

fiftieth

quincuagésimo

sixtieth

sexagésimo

seventieth

sptuagésimo

eightieth

octogésimo

nintieth

nonavigésimo

hundredth

centésimo

100th to a 1000th in Spanish

Hundredth to a thousandth in Spanish

hundredth

centésimo

two-hundredth

ducentésimo

three-hundredth

tricentésimo

four-hundredth

cuadringentésimo

five-hundredth

quingentésimo

six-hundredth

sexcentésimo

seven-hundredth

septigentésimo

eight-hundredth

octingentésimo

nine-hundredth

noningentésimo

thousandth

milésimo

How do you say a millionth in Spanish?

A millionth in Spanish is millonésimo.

Dates in Spanish

Ordinal numbers are not used when writing or saying dates in Spanish.

This use contrasts with English e.g.

quince de enero

dos de mayo

15th of February

2nd of May

Note also that Spanish uses lower case for the months (and, come to that, the days of the week).

Dos de mayo

dos de mayo - Goya

There is an exception:

The first of = el primero de

el primero de enero

el primero de mayo

1st of February

1st of May

Percentages in Spanish

Por ciento is the Spanish for "per cent".

Note the use of "el" in the following example contrasting with the English translation.

“El cincuenta por ciento de ......”


=


fifty percent of ......


Maths in Spanish

Here are some common mathematical expressions in Spanish with an English translation.

Tres y tres son seis 

=

three and three are six 



tres por tres son nueve

=

three times three are nine



diez menos cinco son cinco

=

ten minus five equals five



seis dividido por dos son tres

=

six divided by two is three



Fractions in Spanish

Here are some common fractions in Spanish

la mitad = half


un cuarto = a quarter


un tercio = a third


Telephone numbers in Spanish

The Spanish newspaper El Pais has a style book Libro de Estilo El Pais / El País. Style Guide (Amazon link) and it suggests that telephone numbers should be repeated in pairs e.g.

“09 05 20 - cero nueve, cero cinco, veinte”

If the number is uneven, the following is the recommended way of expressing the number.

“205 66 55 - 

doscientos cinco, sesenta y seis,

cincuenta y cinco”

It is useful to note, however, that you can say the numbers as separate figures - which might be a bit of relief for foreigners!

“7 33 49 50 - siete, tres, tres, cuatro, nueve, cinco, cero”

Conclusion

There you have it!

An in-depth dive into the intricacies of counting in Spanish.

Yes - a little tricky at times.

Yes - a little confusing at times.

Remember though. Whilst the information is here, sitting on the internet or your phone or your PDF of this article (oh, would you like a PSF - click here), if all else fails....

.... say the number, .....number by number 

dos, tres,  cuatro - 2, 3, 4 communicates.

Communication is king. Getting that idea or number from my head into yours.

Communication is King - how to count in Spanish



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